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Matthew 3:13-17

 

   

 

 13Then Jesus arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to John, to be baptized by him.

 14But John tried to prevent Him, saying, "I have need to be baptized by You, and do You come to me?"

 15But Jesus answering said to him, "Permit it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness." Then he permitted Him.

 16After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and lighting on Him,

 17and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased."

 

Jesus was Baptized by John to foreshadow His death and resurrection. He started His ministry just as it would end.

Jesus provides us with a fictional story (a parable), about His death and resurrection (The Mustard Seed - Matt 13:31-32). It can and should be used to better understand the teaching of His Baptism.

Matthew 13:31-32

The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field;  32and this is smaller than all other seeds, but when it is full grown, it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches."

We can use this parable and the parallel form in Matthews writing to learn about Jesus' Baptism:

Ref: Matthew 13:31-32 Matthew 3:13-17
1

The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed,

13Then Jesus arrived from Galilee at the Jordan

2

which a man took

coming to John, to be baptized by him.

3  

14But John tried to prevent Him, saying, "I have need to be baptized by You, and do You come to me?"

 15But Jesus answering said to him, "Permit it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness." Then he permitted Him.

4

and sowed in his field;

 16After being baptized,

5

32and this is smaller than all other seeds,

 

6

 but when it is full grown, it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree,

Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened,

7

 so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches."

and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove coming to rest on him on Him,

8  

 17and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased."

 

Jesus used His Baptism (at the beginning of His ministry) to foreshadow His death and resurrection (at the end of His ministry). He used John to foreshadow the men that would crucify (i.e. plant) Him.

In 14-15 (Ref 3), John resists but Jesus insists that it must be done to fulfill 'all righteousness'. John recognized that he was unworthy to Baptize Jesus. This is a foreshadowing of the unworthy men that would crucify him. There is no one worthy of crucifying Jesus, but it had to be done so that our sins could be cleansed. There was no one worthy, but it had to be done to 'fulfill all righteousness'.

Then John Baptized Him (Ref 4). John planted Jesus in the water, like a man planting a mustard seed in the ground.

Next, Jesus comes 'immediately' out of the water, like a seed that grows into a tree (Ref 6). Finally, the spirit of God comes to rest on him, like a bird resting in the branches of a tree. Jesus' crucifixion provided for our greatest need, just as a tree provides for birds: rest, protection, a home.

The crucifixion cleansed us, so that the Spirit of God can rest in us.

Jesus' Baptism is a foreshadowing of His death and resurrection. By looking a the parallels in Matthews writing, we can expand our understanding of both.

 

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http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00BZ6G7IC

 

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